Science Skills

Science Overview

Science Medium Term Plan


At Sir William Burrough, we provide a high-quality science education that provides children with the foundations they need to recognise the importance of science in every aspect of daily life. We want our children to appreciate how science has changed the lives of human beings and know that it is vital to the world’s future prosperity. In an ever-changing world, where our children’s future jobs may not even exist yet, it is vital that they understand how science has already changed their lives and how it may shape their future. Therefore, all pupils will be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science; providing a broad and balanced science curriculum, building on prior learning.

We provide children with scientific knowledge and processes but also give them the real world uses of this science. Our children are encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation through exciting investigations, which build upon their natural curiosity. The science projects taught are matched to national curriculum aspects and are sequenced to develop pupils’ substantive and disciplinary knowledge.

The concept of ‘working scientifically’ is a fundamental element of the science curriculum. Pupils are taught to use practical scientific methods, processes and skills in conjunction with relevant year group’s programme of study.


Science is taught weekly through the Cornerstones curriculum. The curriculum is sequenced so that children are able to make links to prior learning, are given the opportunity to revisit prior knowledge and then to build upon this knowledge.

In the Early Years, the main Cornerstones units are Ready, Steady, Grow; Animal Safari; Marvellous Machines; and Creep, Crawl and Wiggle. The EYFS strand ‘Understanding the World’ is where Science is mostly assessed in the Early Years, although ‘Communication and Language’ covers scientific and related vocabulary. Both are assessed regularly as part of the ongoing Early Years Foundation Stage profile.

In Key Stage One, the ten main Science projects are: Everyday Materials, Human Senses, Seasonal Changes, Plant Parts, Animals Parts, Human Survival, Habitats, Uses of Materials, Plant Survival and Animal Survival. During these years, pupils will be taught to use practical scientific methods, processes and skills, including questioning, observing closely, using simple equipment, performing simple tests and gathering and recording data.

In Lower Key Stage Two, the nine main Science projects are: Animal Nutrition and Skeletal System, Forces and Magnets, Plant Nutrition and Reproduction, Light and Shadows, Food and the Digestive System, Sound, States of Matter, Grouping and Classifying and Electrical Circuits and Conductors. Pupils will refine their scientific skills whilst taking part in experiments, using observational skills, recording data and drawing conclusions from the data in order to create new questions. They will also begin to use scientific diagrams and use a variety of different scientific equipment.

In Upper Key Stage Two, the eight main Science projects are: Forces and Mechanisms, Earth and Science, Human Reproduction and Ageing, Properties and Changes of Materials, Circulatory System, Electrical Circuits and Components, Light Theory and Evolution and Inheritance. Pupils will plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, take measurements using a range of scientific equipment and record data and results of increasing complexity. They will report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and a degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations. They will also learn to identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments.


The successful approach to the teaching of science at Sir William Burrough School will result in a fun, engaging, high quality science education that provides children with the foundations for understanding the world, which they take with them once their primary education is completed.

Formative assessment is used as the main tool for assessing the impact of Science as it allows for misconceptions and gaps to be addressed more immediately rather than building on insecure scientific foundations.

Children at Sir William Burrough will:

  • Demonstrate a love of science work and an interest in further study and work in this field;
  • Retain knowledge that is pertinent to Science with a real life context;
  • Be able to question ideas and reflect on knowledge;
  • Be able to articulate their understanding of scientific concepts and be able to reason scientifically using rich language linked to science;
  • Demonstrate a high love of mathematical skills through their work, organising, recording and interpreting results;
  • Work collaboratively and practically to investigate and experiment.


Science Knowledge Organisers